Japan is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean with dense cities, imperial palaces, mountainous national parks and thousands of shrines and temples. Shinkansen bullet trains connect the main islands of Kyushu (with Okinawa’s subtropical beaches), Honshu (home to Tokyo and Hiroshima’s atomic-bomb memorial) and Hokkaido (famous for skiing). Tokyo, the capital, is known for skyscrapers, shopping and pop culture.
The current population of Japan is 126,034,974 as of 2017, based on the latest United Nations estimates. Japan population is equivalent to 1.68% of the total world population. The population density in Japan is 346 per Km2 (896 people per mi2).
The politics of Japan is conducted in a framework of a multi-party bicameral parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy whereby the Emperor acts as the ceremonial head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government and the head of the Cabinet, which directs the executive branch.
Legislative power is vested in the National Diet, which consists of the House of Representatives and the House of Councilors. Judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court and lower courts, and sovereignty is vested in the Japanese people by the Constitution. Japan is considered a constitutional monarchy with a system of civil law.
Infrastructure and Economy
The economy of Japan is the third-largest in the world by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). And is the world’s second largest developed economy.
World history has witnessed Japan accomplish a high level of modernization within an exceptionally short period of time. Infrastructure, which provides the foundation of our growth, consists of unique creativity rooted in Japanese sensitivity, such as the resilience to accept harsh environmental changes and ideas to make effective use of limited (natural) resources, paired with the technological strength to convert the ideas into tangible forms. And when it comes to exports, we constantly focus on offering technology that would cater to local circumstances of the partner country with a spirit of co-creation and long-term commitment, economic efficiency verified from the total life cycle of infrastructure, and economic development so that we can contribute to social development of the partner country.
The most widely spoken language in Japan is Japanese, which is separated into a large number of dialects with Tokyo dialect considered standard Japanese.
The Japanese Yen is the third most traded currency in the world, and the most heavily traded currency in Asia.
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