Comoros, officially the Union of the Comoros, is a volcanic archipelago off Africa’s east coast. Situated in the warm Indian Ocean waters, the island is located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel. The country shares maritime borders with Madagascar and Mayotte to the southeast, Tanzania to the northwest, Mozambique to the west, and Seychelles to the northeast. Its capital city, Moroni, is known for its modern commercial and manufacturing facilities. Comoros is also a member state of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie, the African Union, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and the Indian Ocean Commission. The archipelago is known for its diverse culture and history.
Comoros has a population of 897,219 inhabitants.
The politics of the Union of the Comoros take place in a framework of a federal presidential republic. The President of Comoros is both the head of state and head of government. The national elections are run across a multi-party system. Executive power is vested in both the government and parliament. Comoros’s current president is Colonel Azali Assoumani, who won the May 2016 presidential election with 41% of the votes.
Infrastructure and Economy
The economy of the Comoros is based on subsistence agriculture and fishing. Comoros has poor transportation links, a young and rapidly growing population, and scarce natural resources. The labour force’s low educational level leads to low economic growth, high unemployment, and a strong reliance on international grants and technical assistance.
The official languages of Comoros are Comorian, French, and Arabic.
The Comorian franc is the official currency of Comoros.