India, officially the Republic of India (Bhārat Gaṇarajya ) , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia. The Capital of India is New Delhi.
India has over 1.2 billion people.
India is the world’s most populous democracy.A parliamentary republic with a multi-party system, it has seven recognised national parties, including the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and more than 40 regional parties.The Congress is considered centre-left in Indian political culture, and the BJP right-wing.For most of the period between 1950—when India first became a republic—and the late 1980s, the Congress held a majority in the parliament. Since then, however, it has increasingly shared the political stage with the BJP, as well as with powerful regional parties which have often forced the creation of multi-party coalitions at the centre.
Infrastructure and Economy
According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Indian economy in 2017 was nominally worth US$ 2.454 trillion; it is the sixth-largest economy by market exchange rates, and is, at US$ 9.489 trillion, the third-largest by purchasing power parity, or PPP. With its average annual GDP growth rate of 5.8% over the past two decades, and reaching 6.1% during 2011–12,India is one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
English and Hindi are the two official Languages.
India does not have exchange controls.